Ginkgo biloba at Bute Park

Ginkgo biloba 1

Ginkgo biloba
early February 2016

Ginkgo biloba 2

Ginkgo biloba
mid May 2016

Ginkgo biloba 3

Ginkgo biloba
mid November 2018

Grid reference ST 17736 77084
Common name Maidenhair tree
Origin China
Deciduous Yes
Status Glamorgan Champion 2015
Tag 2416
Height 22M November 2015
Girth 302cm November 2015
Girth 336cm February 2023
Reference 350

This tree is on the north east side of the Sunken Lawn. It is 63M north west of Fishers Bridge.

Ginkgo biloba bark

Ginkgo biloba bark
late November 2015

Ginkgo biloba leaf

Ginkgo biloba autumn leaves
mid November 2018

Ginkgo biloba leaf4

Ginkgo biloba autumn leaves
mid November 2018

Ginkgo biloba leaf2

Ginkgo biloba leaves
mid May 2016

Ginkgo biloba leaf3

Ginkgo biloba leaf
mid May 2016

General tree description

Ginkgo biloba is a medium-sized to large tree, growing up to around 28 metres, with a conical shape when young, which later becomes irregular. Its bark is grey-brown with a craggy texture. The leaves are on long stalks, fan-shaped, roughly 9cm long and 7cm broad, and dull green, turning bright yellow in autumn. The common name - Maidenhair tree - refers to the resemblance of the fan-shaped leaves to the Maidenhair fern. Ginkgo bilobas may be male or female. When fully mature (around 80 years old), the male tree has yellow catkins 2 to 4cm long. Females when mature have inconspicuous green flowers and after fertilisation develop yellow plum-like fruits in autumn. These have a very unpleasant odour and can cause skin irritation.

The Ginkgo biloba is said to be a "living fossil", meaning that it has similar characteristics to fossils from the Jurassic period, 150 to 200 million years ago, also the age of the dinosaurs. At that time the Gingko grew in many parts of the world including Europe and America. It is now native only in China.